THE MACCHIAIOLI. The adventure of modern art.

In pre-unification Italy, Florence, capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, becomes the right place for the birth of this renewing artistic movement. The artists move away from Academy painting and prefer scenes of everyday life, simple and unconventional, painted in splashes of color.

Over eighty paintings signed by Giovanni Fattori, Silvestro Lega, Telemaco Signorini, Giovanni Boldini, protagonists of the artistic movement that revolutionized the history of subsequent post-unification Italian painting, will be exhibited at Palazzo Mazzetti.

Formed in Florence, starting from 1855, the Macchiaioli group was born as a reaction to the conceptual and formal inertia of the academies and mirroring the ideological ferments of the Risorgimento. The Macchiaioli movement affirmed the theory of the “stain” arguing that the vision of solid forms is determined by the projection of light on them which creates areas of shadow and areas of light, thus building the volumes visually.

Splashes of color, distinct, juxtaposed or superimposed on other spots of color, were the constitutive elements of small extremely synthesized squares, in which the shapes and profiles were punctually traced, although expoled of every descriptive detail that was not considered essential to the strictly functional functions. expressive.

The artist, subverting the rigid academic dictates to which all the painting of the time was based, declared himself free to render with realist immediacy what his eye perceived in the present, as conceptualized by the theorists and critics of the Telemaco Signorini group, Diego Martelli and Adriano Cecioni.

They sensed the literary emotionality of the experimental novels of Zola and Verga and the fluttering of the new naturalist sensibility, forming a real school that was able to marginalize the vaporous effects brought about by the Frenchist tendencies. They molded a totally original and immediately recognizable stylistic code, based on the severe formal seal of the drawing and on the timely real-life revival of the luministic values of the subject, usually with a naturalistic or social background, relating to contemporaneity, life in the countryside or the middle class.

The exhibition
Designed to compare the works of Tuscan naturalism with each other, the exhibition offers a visual narration from the birth to the evolution and conclusion of the artistic experience of the Macchiaioli and their entourage, from 1856 until late 1900s.

The exhibition includes over 80 highly significant works from the production of Tuscan leaders, some fighters and heroes of the Risorgimento, make up the exhibition panorama of the review, representing the forms of the nineteenth-century avant-garde, whose research and innovative contents focus on the expressive power of light. An opportunity to rediscover some masterpieces of Italian nineteenth-century art, including famous paintings and lesser-known or never exhibited works, mostly from the most prestigious European private collections.

List of authors: Giuseppe Abbati, Cristiano Banti, Stefano Bruzzi, Giovanni Boldini, Luigi Bechi, Odoardo Borrani, Vincenzo Cabianca, Cesare Ciani, Adriano Cecioni, Eugenio Cecconi, Nino Costa, Vito D’Ancona, Serafino De Tivoli, Giuseppe De Nittis, Arturo Faldi, Giovanni Fattori, Ruggero Focardi, Luigi Gioli, Silvestro Lega, Giorgio Lucchesi, Giuseppe Magni, Ugo Manaresi, Ruggero Panerai.

The set-up includes the installation of videos, blow-ups and an immersive room to restore the atmospheres of the landscapes and environments painted by the Macchiaioli.
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